Getting Data into Your Repository

There are two ways to get new files into your Subversion repository: svn import and svn add. We'll discuss svn import now and will discuss svn add later in this chapter when we review a typical day with Subversion.

svn import

svn import是将未版本化文件导入版本库的最快方法,会根据需要创建中介目录。svn import不需要一个工作拷贝,你的文件会直接提交到版本库,这通常用在你希望将一组文件加入到Subversion版本库时,例如:

$ svnadmin create /var/svn/newrepos
$ svn import mytree file:///var/svn/newrepos/some/project \
             -m "Initial import"
Adding         mytree/foo.c
Adding         mytree/bar.c
Adding         mytree/subdir
Adding         mytree/subdir/quux.h

Committed revision 1.


$ svn list file:///var/svn/newrepos/some/project

注意,在导入之后,原来的目录树并没有转化成工作拷贝,为了开始工作,你还是需要运行svn checkout导出一个工作拷贝。

Recommended Repository Layout

While Subversion's flexibility allows you to lay out your repository in any way that you choose, we recommend that you create a trunk directory to hold the “main line” of development, a branches directory to contain branch copies, and a tags directory to contain tag copies—for example:

$ svn list file:///var/svn/repos

You'll learn more about tags and branches in 第 4 章 分支与合并. For details and how to set up multiple projects, see “版本库布局”一节 and “规划你的版本库结构”一节 to read more about project roots.