AngularJS: API: ng/function/angular.bootstrap


  1. - function in module ng

Use this function to manually start up angular application.

See: Bootstrap

Note that Protractor based end-to-end tests cannot use this function to bootstrap manually. They must use ngApp.

Angular will detect if it has been loaded into the browser more than once and only allow the first loaded script to be bootstrapped and will report a warning to the browser console for each of the subsequent scripts. This prevents strange results in applications, where otherwise multiple instances of Angular try to work on the DOM.

<!doctype html>
<div ng-controller="WelcomeController">

<script src="angular.js"></script>
  var app = angular.module('demo', [])
  .controller('WelcomeController', function($scope) {
      $scope.greeting = 'Welcome!';
  angular.bootstrap(document, ['demo']);


angular.bootstrap(element, [modules], [config]);


Param Type Details
element DOMElement

DOM element which is the root of angular application.


an array of modules to load into the application. Each item in the array should be the name of a predefined module or a (DI annotated) function that will be invoked by the injector as a run block. See: modules


an object for defining configuration options for the application. The following keys are supported:

- `strictDi`: disable automatic function annotation for the application. This is meant to
  assist in finding bugs which break minified code.



Returns the newly created injector for this app.