AngularJS: API: ng/directive/ngCsp


  1. - directive in module ng

Enables CSP (Content Security Policy) support.

This is necessary when developing things like Google Chrome Extensions.

CSP forbids apps to use eval or Function(string) generated functions (among other things). For Angular to be CSP compatible there are only two things that we need to do differently:

  • don't use Function constructor to generate optimized value getters
  • don't inject custom stylesheet into the document

AngularJS uses Function(string) generated functions as a speed optimization. Applying the ngCsp directive will cause Angular to use CSP compatibility mode. When this mode is on AngularJS will evaluate all expressions up to 30% slower than in non-CSP mode, but no security violations will be raised.

CSP forbids JavaScript to inline stylesheet rules. In non CSP mode Angular automatically includes some CSS rules (e.g. ngCloak). To make those directives work in CSP mode, include the angular-csp.css manually.

Angular tries to autodetect if CSP is active and automatically turn on the CSP-safe mode. This autodetection however triggers a CSP error to be logged in the console:

Refused to evaluate a string as JavaScript because 'unsafe-eval' is not an allowed source of
script in the following Content Security Policy directive: "default-src 'self'". Note that
'script-src' was not explicitly set, so 'default-src' is used as a fallback.

This error is harmless but annoying. To prevent the error from showing up, put the ngCsp directive on the root element of the application or on the angular.js script tag, whichever appears first in the html document.

Note: This directive is only available in the ng-csp and data-ng-csp attribute form.

Directive Info

  • This directive executes at priority level 0.


  • as attribute:


This example shows how to apply the ngCsp directive to the html tag.

     <!doctype html>
     <html ng-app ng-csp>