AngularJS: API: ng/directive/ngApp


  1. - directive in module ng

Use this directive to auto-bootstrap an AngularJS application. The ngApp directive designates the root element of the application and is typically placed near the root element of the page - e.g. on the <body> or <html> tags.

Only one AngularJS application can be auto-bootstrapped per HTML document. The first ngApp found in the document will be used to define the root element to auto-bootstrap as an application. To run multiple applications in an HTML document you must manually bootstrap them using angular.bootstrap instead. AngularJS applications cannot be nested within each other.

You can specify an AngularJS module to be used as the root module for the application. This module will be loaded into the $injector when the application is bootstrapped and should contain the application code needed or have dependencies on other modules that will contain the code. See angular.module for more information.

In the example below if the ngApp directive were not placed on the html element then the document would not be compiled, the AppController would not be instantiated and the {{ a+b }} would not be resolved to 3.

ngApp is the easiest, and most common, way to bootstrap an application.

<div ng-controller="ngAppDemoController">
I can add: {{a}} + {{b}} =  {{ a+b }}
angular.module('ngAppDemo', []).controller('ngAppDemoController', function($scope) {
$scope.a = 1;
$scope.b = 2;});
Using ngStrictDi, you would see something like this:

<div ng-app="ngAppStrictDemo" ng-strict-di><div ng-controller="GoodController1">
    I can add: {{a}} + {{b}} =  {{ a+b }}

    <p>This renders because the controller does not fail to
       instantiate, by using explicit annotation style (see
       script.js for details)

<div ng-controller="GoodController2">
    Name: <input ng-model="name"><br />
    Hello, {{name}}!

    <p>This renders because the controller does not fail to
       instantiate, by using explicit annotation style
       (see script.js for details)

<div ng-controller="BadController">
    I can add: {{a}} + {{b}} =  {{ a+b }}

    <p>The controller could not be instantiated, due to relying
       on automatic function annotations (which are disabled in
       strict mode). As such, the content of this section is not
       interpolated, and there should be an error in your web console.
angular.module('ngAppStrictDemo', [])// BadController will fail to instantiate, due to relying on automatic function annotation,// rather than an explicit annotation.controller('BadController', function($scope) {
  $scope.a = 1;
  $scope.b = 2;})// Unlike BadController, GoodController1 and GoodController2 will not fail to be instantiated,// due to using explicit annotations using the array style and $inject property, respectively..controller('GoodController1', ['$scope', function($scope) {
  $scope.a = 1;
  $scope.b = 2;}]).controller('GoodController2', GoodController2);function GoodController2($scope) {
  $ = "World";}GoodController2.$inject = ['$scope'];
div[ng-controller] {
margin-bottom: 1em;-webkit-border-radius: 4px;
border-radius: 4px;
border: 1px solid;
padding: .5em;}
div[ng-controller^=Good] {
border-color: #d6e9c6;
background-color: #dff0d8;
color: #3c763d;}
div[ng-controller^=Bad] {
border-color: #ebccd1;
background-color: #f2dede;
color: #a94442;
margin-bottom: 0;}

Directive Info

  • This directive executes at priority level 0.


  • as attribute:



an optional application module name to load.


if this attribute is present on the app element, the injector will be created in "strict-di" mode. This means that the application will fail to invoke functions which do not use explicit function annotation (and are thus unsuitable for minification), as described in the Dependency Injection guide, and useful debugging info will assist in tracking down the root of these bugs.